We all hear the words conception, infertility and pregnancy. What are the facts and statistics surrounding your ability to conceive and all the problems that go with it?
Here is some valuable information and everything you will need to know about infertility and conception problems:
- Infertility is a medically recognized disease that affects both men and women. Infertility is when you are unable to conceive after trying for a baby for at least a year.
- 1 in 8 couples will experience difficulty falling pregnant
- Infertility affects men and women equally.
- The fastest growing group, who are affected with an inability to conceive, is women under the age of 25.
- Infertility, if treated properly has the highest success rate of all the diseases.
- Smoking, alcohol, metabolic imbalances, stress, age and drugs can all cause conception problems.
- On average, of 6 million pregnancies, only 4 million will result in live births.
- An estimated 5% of infertile couples have more than 1 factor contributing to their infertility.
- 90% of male infertility is caused by being unable to produce enough sperm.
- Azzospermia is when no sperm is produced.
- Low sperm count is determined by analysing a semen sample.
- In recent decades, researchers have found that sperm count has decreased steadily and it is believed to be due to a modern high fat, nutrient deficient diet.
- It is believed that if the scrotal temperature is elevated, it will hinder the maturation of the sperm. This happens due to hot baths, saunas and Jacuzzis.
- Blockages or damage to the spermatic tubes which are usually caused by a sexually transmitted disease (STD’s), infection or congenital abnormality, can bring about conception problems.
- Nerve damage caused by diabetes can also contribute to conception problems.
- Polycystic ovarian disease is the most common cause of ovulation disorders in women.
- Once a woman reaches 30, the quality of her eggs starts to diminish.
- The older the mum to be is, the more likely it is for the baby to be born with chromosomal abnormalities.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection that can block or damage fallopian tubes. This disease is usually caused due to STD’s, miscarriages, abortions, childbirth and intrauterine devices.
- Uterine fibroids are benign uterine tumours and they occur in 40% of all women. These tumours can interfere with embryo implantation and foetal growth.
- Changing your lifestyle and living a healthy life will improve your fertility and increase the chances of having a baby.
- Being under and over weight, can bring about conception problems.
- If you were taking the pill, it will take about 6 months for your body and cycle to go back to normal.
- An egg only lives for between 12 and 24 hours after ovulation
- Sperm can live for up to 5 days inside the woman’s body.
- You only have a 1 in 3 chance of falling pregnant every month.
- Fertility depends on the hormonal levels being correct to ensure that the egg develops and ovulates normally.
- In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a test tube method or treatment for assisting with making a baby. This method is commonly used for female infertility.
- Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injections are used for male infertility. This process is similar to the IVF treatment. This procedure is done by injecting a single sperm into a single egg.
- Some couples resort to egg or sperm donors.
- Most people know that the age of a woman has a lot to do with her ability to conceive. A man’s age also plays a role in this. Although the sperm does not weaken, older men are more likely to experience problems with their sexual functionings.
- It has been found that most couples don’t have sex often enough to conceive.
- Toxoplasmosis, malaria, leprosy and tuberculosis can cause infertility.
- The sickle cell disease can cause impotence in men and miscarriages in women.
- Radiation can cause infertility in both men and women. High doses can cause miscarriages or foetal defects in pregnant women.
- Men who wear tight underpants will cause the testicles to become too warm, resulting in reduced sperm production.
- Some cases of infertility can not be described as a medical problem. In these cases there are emotional and psychological blocks that are preventing you and your body from having or carrying a baby full-term.
- The main reasons for miscarriages are believed to be due to genetic problems.
- Some medications will interfere with the balance of your hormones.
- A female’s reproductive system could cause her infertility. The reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus and hormones.
- Stress is a major factor in hindering your ability to conceive. Stress can come from the desperation of wanting a baby, from work or from life in general.
- Eating disorders can also affect your ability to conceive.
- Starting premature menopause will contribute to your infertility.
- Thyroid problems will affect ovulation and conception.
- Unexplained fertility accounts for a quarter of all cases of infertility. This means that the cause can not be found medically.
- Cervical mucous can also cause a conception problem. This happens when the cervical mucous and the sperm are incompatible and the mucous prevents the sperm from swimming to the womb.
- Endometriosis accounts for 6% of all cases of infertility. This condition is when part of the lining of the womb finds its way outside the womb.
- Chlamydia is an infection that blocks the tubes. It is estimated that 10% of all sexually active women are affected by this STD. A further 10% of the infected women will become sterile as a result of Chlamydia.
- Healthy ovulation can be affected by the over production of a hormone called prolactin, which is produced in the pituitary gland.
- Fertility problems in men could be due to one of the following reasons: low sperm count, poor sperm mobility, quality of movement, sperm size and shape.
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